Special Education Needs and Disability in Somalia

22 Sep 2020
Adra undertook a status assessment of Special education needs and disability, conducted in April/May in Jubaland State. 

Adra status assessment of Special Education Needs and Disability:

Among other objectives, this assessment sought to ready the ground for early identification, understand provision of support for learners and schools to cater for children with special learning needs and disabilities within the education system and wider community; to promote and facilitate inclusion of children with special needs in formal and non-formal education and training; to promote barrier free environment for learners with special needs in all learning institutions; to guide provision and the use of specialized facilities, services, assistive devices and technology, equipment and teaching/learning materials; to inform development and capacity linkages with specialists and essential service providers to deliver quality services to learners with special needs and disabilities.

The findings present 33% of the assessed children in need of such support as wheelchairs, hearing devices, white canes, crutches and prostheses. Crutches and wheelchairs were cited the most in need owing to the large percentage of children (41%) faced with physical (mobility) impairment. It was established that only 13% of the families have addressed the local authorities to satisfy the special needs gap while 85% never sought any help for reasons ranging from lack of capacity for the local authorities to help people with disabilities, understanding that disability is not a priority for the local authorities as well as the view that authorities are not aware of disability problems among children. The survey established that 48% of the families do not attend any educational institution and have no access to formal education.

Community-Based Rehabilitation Training

This Community-Based Rehabilitation (CBR) activity sought to activate communities to promote and protect the human rights of people with disabilities (PwDs) through changes within the community. The training aimed at by empowering different stakeholders to intentionally remove barriers to participation to enable PwDs to become active contributors to their communities and the wider society. The training targeted all the project locations in Jubaland, Hirshabelle and South-West State. The target groups were communities (Community Education Committees), teachers, parents and caregivers. A total of 201 (174 males; 27 female) participants were trained across the states.

Save the children

Most of their project activities were impacted by Covid19. The SC Somalia team developed revised detailed project implementation plan considering the restrictions of Covid-19 and project framework. The project revised quarter one and quarter two activities to be implemented in quarter three and quarter four and transferring view activities related to capacity building of DPO network and INGOs, LNGOs and UN Agencies and Government Ministries to be implemented in the second year of the project implementation due to restriction to conduct trainings as the resulted Covid-19.

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